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External users

An organization licensing a server infrastructure will license its servers and its users who are known as internal users. They then potentially need to license their external users. An external user is someone who isn’t an employee of the organization…

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Step-up licenses

Customers with Software Assurance on their licenses for many of the products are eligible to purchase Step-up licenses. A Step-up license allows a customer to move from a lower edition of a product to a higher edition by just paying…

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Software Assurance

Software Assurance is an additional purchase that can be made when a license is purchased. A license gives a certain set of rights and Software Assurance typically gives an additional set of rights and benefits. For instance, a Windows 11…

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Product use rights

If you do exercise downgrade rights, then you need to understand which product use rights govern your deployment of the product. In other words, if you’ve purchased SQL Server 2022 licenses, but chosen to deploy SQL Server 2019, which licensing…

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Downgrade and down-edition rights

New licenses are always sold for the latest version of a product. However, sometimes customers want to deploy further instances of an older version and so need to acquire additional licenses for that deployment. Most products give downgrade rights allowing…

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Versions and editions

A version is a particular release of a piece of software and it often corresponds to a year – Windows Server 2022, for example. An edition is a way of differentiating between different sets of functionality that are included in…

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License reassignment rights

As mentioned above, many of the licenses for the software products follow some sort of device licensing model where licenses are assigned to a physical device. Licenses may be reassigned to a different physical device, but no more frequently than…

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Perpetual and subscription licenses

Dependent on the agreement or program they are purchasing through, customers may acquire perpetual licenses or subscription licenses for the traditional software products. A perpetual license is owned forever by the customer while a subscription license allows the customer to…

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Licenses for on-premises products

A Microsoft license for the traditional software products gives a customer the rights to install the software (where needed) and to use it. There are a number of different licensing models that govern the individual products and the sections of…

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LICENSING ON-PREMISES PRODUCTS

Use this section to get some general information on how the on-premises products are licensed, and then find more detail in the individual product sections that follow.

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